As the year comes to an End many people in the AEC industry try to close some projects or secure projects for the next one. Starting new things right now is somehow uncommon. That's why finding some interesting articles to analyze is more difficult. Here my insights into some things that I came accross. If you read some of BIMlosophy's posts you may know what do we mean when we say, the AEC should change their business modell. That's why I'm thrilled when I read headlines like: Elon Musks asks for Permission to tunnel under LA That means that at least someone (eventhough not a Construction company) wants to change the way infrastructure works and is willing to bet for something else. What and how exactly I don't know, but at least the will to do things differently is there. Standarisation, prefabrication and using a product approach should help our industry thrive. But sometimes, no matter how big the effort, there are boundaries to the benefits and ability to replicate. Like this bridge in Portsmouth, it used Precast pieces, which could have been very well standarised modules (but they were not, they were modular, but specifically designed for the project) and assembled them in place. The replicability here is very difficult to achieve because of the construction logistics. A very and decisive point when we are talking about upgrading infrastructure. This reminds us, that there will always be a market for custom-tailored specialty solutions. But beware, those markets may be very risky and competition may be fierce.